How Can Plastic Be A Menace?

Plastic has been a pal for people since it was found by Alexander Parkes in 1862. After the great invention, the use of plastic was raised rapidly, especially for human life and some industries. People use plastic because of its special character, such as light, cheap, simple, easy to be shaped, and can be used repeatedly. In 1996 the world used plastic up to 150 million tons. While Indonesia used 1.5 million tons per day in 2000. Instead of its helpful function, plastic also can be very harmful to our environment when it is used and thrown carelessly. It can be a big problem, for it pollutes the soil, water, and air.

Plastic consists of thousands small molecules called monomer. These monomers are combined into the bigger molecule called polymer by chemical connection. When people dump used plastic to the soil, it needs hundreds years to get it sundered and decomposed by the microorganism, because of the tight chemical connection and non bio-degradable character of plastic. For instance, poly amide, a kind of synthetic plastic can be sundered up to 83 thousand years. This complex process causes the decadence of soil fertility, and disturbs the balance of the soil.

Some used plastic which is thrown to the sea, can also be a problem for fish and the other sea organisms. The fishermen dump their plastic net rubbish to the sea carelessly without knowing and without awareness of its effect. The net and the other plastic rubbish can endanger the sea organisms. First, the animal trapped by the tangled net, then wrapped, tied, and day after day the tie will be tighter because the animal grows and get bigger. This trap hinders its respiratory system and it gets difficulty in swimming even breathing. In 1992, 99 seabirds, a lot of sharks, and 75 salmons were killed in the Pacific Ocean by 1500 meters tousled plastic net. Beside that, styrene in plastic can contaminate subsoil water and cause cancer to the people who drink it.

When we have some plastic in our trash bin, in our mind there is no better choice than burning it. But do you know? When we burn plastic and let the smoke flies in the air, at the same time we unintentionally let the poison consisted in the smoke flies too. Burning plastic, causes the chlorine (Cl) and carbon monoxide (CO) from plastic flies to the atmosphere and join the air. Inhaling this poisonous gas triggers lung cancer and deficiency immune system.

Recently, plastic has been a menace for the beauty of our environment too beside humans’ health. A gorgeous garden will lost its beauty when it is decorated by plastic rubbish. Also a beautiful city will looks so chaotic when plastic rubbish is everywhere.

Considering plastic can be a menace for our environment when it is dumped carelessly or burnt, so, recycling plastic rubbish is the best choice for our body and our environment. Because by recycling plastic rubbish, we can produce useful household utensils, such as bucket and pot, beside decreasing the amount of plastic rubbish, and keeping our environment clean, fresh, comfortable, and of course nice.


Valentine’s Day History

Valentine’s Day History

Valentine’s day, first made by Pope Gelasius I in about 496 to respect Saint Valentine who was died on February 14 269. He was died because of his effort for the thing called ‘love’.

In the third century, Rome was led by Caesar Claudius II. The unstable condition in Rome, made it often in war. The Caesar absolutely had to have many good and powerful men to defeat his enemy. At that time, the Caesar considered that the men who had not married were stronger and better than them, who had married. So, he made a rule that forbidden his people to get married. Valentine was the one who refused to agree with the rule. The amazing thing was, he took action by marrying the people secretly. What an extreme action he had done?

Unfortunately, one day the Caesar knew about it, then he sent Valentine to the jail. Being in the jail, didn’t make him stop struggling for the ‘love’. He sent many cards to the people he loved, with pictures of a heart, and wrote “I love you-From your Valentine”.

Sadly, he was died in the death punishment in February 14 269. Now the day of his death, known as ‘Valentine’s Day’.

Knowing the great effort that Valentine was taken, I hope you will be motivated to struggle for your true love. (from various sources)